Monday 13 September 2010

Monday 6 September 2010

Uniform References from Col. Clifford Walton and Cecil C. P. Lawson

NB: The OOB is taken from the Battle of the Boyne Osprey by Michael McNally
1. = Walton
2. = Lawson
Regimental lineage from Walton
I intend to cover every relevant source this way, eventually

ANGLO-IRISH FORCES (sprig of green foliage in hat)

The Regiments of Horse:
1. Trumpeters shoes with spurs, otherwise jackboots
2. Cuirasses and back plates worn until 1697-8. Horse grenadiers “equipped and performed as dragoons.”

Life Guards, 1st and 3rd Troops, inc. 95 Horse Gren’s (368)
1. Rankers’ coats gold and silver lace, carbine belts of privates covered with velvet and lace, grenadiers scarlet coats, loops blue, edged and tufted black and white in 1685. Buff coats in addition to red coats in 1685. Buff undercoat replaced with cloth waistcoat in 1686, but “customary” for troopers to wear buff coats on active service until 1696.
2. 1st Troop scarlet lined blue, cloaks the same, velvet carbine belts laced gold and silver, red housings and holster caps with royal cipher and crown. Grenadier coats the same, with blue loops “tufted with yellow,” grenadier caps “lined the same and a blue round mark on the outside.” 3rd Troop yellow velvet carbine belts lined silver, furniture as 1st troop, but yellow, grenadiers yellow loops. 1684. Trumpeters crimson velvet lined blue serge, blue velvet cuffs, laced “all over” gold and silver lace, gold and silver buttons, blue breeches red cloaks lined blue laced gold and silver. Hats and hatbands laced gold and silver, white leather belts stitched with silver, gilt buckles in 1687-9. Crimson coats with blue velvet cuffs, trimmed “with broad and narrow gold and silver orris lace with a gold twist between,” their majesties’ cipher front and back, cloak as before, looped gold and silver at front, blue velvet breeches, hat and belt lined gold and silver in 1690. Drummers of Horse Grenadiers: “blue, gold and silver-plated” tufted loops in 1689, purple leather belts embroidered silver in 1690. Crimson coats lined gold orris, hats and belts laced with gold in 1691.
Aubrey deVere, Earl of Oxford’s aka The Blues, later Royal Horse Guards (368)
1. Tawny-coloured breeches in 1684, gold lace on coats, red edging on carbine belts
2. Captains blue coats faced blue, gold lace “laid double” along the seams, “gold foot” between this, gold buttons, gold thread around sleeves, lieutenants and cornets the same, single lace only. Officers’ hats black edged gold with white feather. Yellow cravat strings. Trumpeters’ uniforms “correspond in every detail” to the Life Guards’, “down to the crimson coats looped and laced with gold and silver with gold drawn lace between, the laced hat… and blue breeches,” in 1689.
Sir John Lanier’s, later 1st DGs (360)
1. White “Holland” waistcoat in 1687
2. Red coats lined yellow in 1686. Coat of “a quarter master” the same, cuffs, sleeves and gloves “faced silver tissue,” hat lace and hatband silver.
Colonel the Honourable Edward Villiers’, later 2nd DGs (245)
2. Red coats lined red in 1686. Lined buff in 1694.
Colonel John Coy’s, later 5th DGs (236)
1. “Red shag striped” breeches in 1692, red coat lined white, red cloak lined red in 1700, white waistcoats in 1692.
2. Red coats lined white in 1689. Pewter buttons, “striped stuff” waistcoat, hat edged silver, grey undress coat in 1692.
Colonel Richard Byerley’s, later 6th DGs (244)
1. Saddle and holster caps blue velvet “with silver twist” in 1688.
2. Red coats lined green in 1686.
Count Maynard Schomberg’s, later 7th DGs (242)
1. Red coat, grey surtout with black buttons in 1690. Blue coats in 1688.
Colonel Francis Langston’s aka Princess Anne of Denmark’s Horse (225)
1. Holster caps with PAD cipher in 1687, red coat lined yellow, red cloak lined red in 1687
Colonel William Wolseley’s aka (1st?) Inniskilling (423)
2. Red coats faced red, cloaks the same, red breeches, officers blue coats in 1689.
Captain Harbord’s (38)
Colonel Theodore Russell’s (242)

The Regiments of Dragoons:
1. Trumpeters shoes with spurs, otherwise short boots

Colonel Edward Matthews’, later Royal or 1st Dragoons (406)
2. Coated and cloaked red lined blue, housings blue and yellow embroidered on red with royal cipher, holster caps the same in 1684. Cartouche boxes, “strapped snaphance muskets, “grenado pouches and hammer hatches” in 1687. Blue waistcoat, breeches and stockings in 1699. NCOS gold lace on cuffs, sleeves, pocket flaps in 1699.
Colonel Richard Leveson’s, later 3rd Dragoons (246)
2. Blue breeches and waistcoats in 1692.
Colonel Owen Wynne’s, later 5th Dragoons (260)
2. Red coats, cloaks in 1689.
Sir Albert Cunningham’s, later 6th Dragoons (358)
1. Grey coats in 1691?
2. Red coats, cloaks in 1689.

Regiments of Foot:
1. The coats of Drummers of regiments other than Royal regiments, were of the colour of the regimental facing and with red facings. Hautbois, who were later subject to a similar rule, had their coats at this time of the same colour as those of the men. 2. Officers’ sashes usually crimson trimmed gold and silver, officers’ cuffs almost always coat colour. Lieutenants “black corselets studded with gold,” ensigns silver. Cartouche boxes “issued to most regiments” in 1693, with the bandolier of cartridges “remaining in use to some extent” until 1700. Proportion of matchlocks to firelocks “about fifty percent per company during the last campaigns of William III,” without sling, grenadiers always equipped with firelocks, with sling. Waist belt with frogs for sword and plug bayonet “generally formed part of the equipment for musketeer companies” by 1686.

Lieutenant-General James Douglas’ aka Scots (3rd) Regiment of Foot Guards (648)
Major General Piercy Kirke’s aka the Queen’s Regiment, later 2nd Foot (666)
2. Red coats lined sea-green, sea-green breeches, white stockings. Grenadier company, in 1686.
Brigadier Charles Trelawney’s, later 4th Foot (553)
1. Received “the privilege of wearing on its colours and accoutrements the Lion of England” for supporting William in 1688 at an unspecified point.
2. Red coats faced yellow.
Colonel Edward Lloyd’s, later 5th Foot (652)
Colonel James Beaumont’s, later 8th Foot (526)
2. Red coats faced yellow.
Brigadier William Stewart’s, later 9th Foot (660)
1. Grey coat [surtout I assume] lined black in 1689.
2. Red coats lined orange, grey breeches, white stockings in 1687. Officers blue coats lined blue with gold loops and gold-laced hats, “caps, pouches,” crimson velvet cartouche boxes embroidered silver for captains and two lieutenants of grenadiers in 1692.
3. Red coats in 1691.
Sir John Hanmer’s, later 11th Foot (593)
2. Red lined “tawney” (meaning here red apparently), breeches and stockings the same. In 1686, Gold buttons for officers in 1692.
Colonel Richard Brewer’s, later 12th Foot (571)
2. Red coats lined white, blue breeches and stockings in 1686.
Colonel Ferdinando Hastings’, later 13th Foot (606)
1. Red coats lined yellow, drummers yellow coats laced and lined red in 1692.
2. Red coats lined yellow., yellow breeches and grey stockings in 1686.
Edward Brabazon, Earl of Meath’s, later 18th Foot (678)
Colonel Gustavus Hamilton’s, (2. said to have become, 4. later became) 20th Foot (560)
1. “Inniskilling Foot” grey coats.
2. Officers: hats gold edging and bands, silver for subalterns, scarlet coats lined scarlet and laced with gold and silver as above, buttons to match, grey worsted stockings. Blue surtouts lined blue in 1691.
Sir Henry Bellasis’, later 22nd Foot (628)
2. Officers crimson coats lined crimson, gold lace and fringe. Hats alced silver and gold , grey waistcoats and breeches in 1692.
Colonel Lord Charles Herbert’s, later 23rd Foot (600)
2. Blue coats lined white, white stockings and breeches in 1689.
Colonel Daniel Deering’s, later 24th Foot (600)
1. Blue coats
2. “A blue uniform” in 1689.
Colonel Zachariah Tiffin’s, later 27th Foot (625)
1. “Inniskilling Foot” grey coats. Grey coats in 1689. Two companies’ worth of red coats obtained in 1689.
2. “First Regiment of Foot of Inniskilling” red coats, blue breeches, waistbelts, blue surtouts lined blue.
Henry Moore, Earl of Drogheda’s (600)
1. “Same as the Twenty-Third”
2. i.e. blue coats lined white, white stockings and breeches
Colonel Thomas Earle’s (693)
Colonel Jonathan Fowkes’(439)
3. Red coats in 1691.
Lord George Hamilton’s (583)
1. Officers’ hats broad silver lace, hatband, buttons and loops in 1691. “Inniskilling Foot” grey coats.
2. Captains’ coats scarlet with silver loops, hats laced silver, silver buttons, gloves, pike, lieutenants the same minus gloves, lt. colonel “gold and silk twist, six dozen buttons, gold thread,” had grenadiers with 8 loops, in 1690. Officers’ coats scarlet lined scarlet shalloon, gold and silver buttons, lace fringe, loop lace and hat bands, crimson breeches in 1692.
Adam Loftus, Lord (or 1st Viscount) Lisburne’s (611)
1. Privates’ hats with gilt lace. Blue coats faced “orange or dark buff,” buff-coloured coat and red surtout in 1689. Hautboys blue coats laced with narrow gold lace in 1692.
2. Blue coats faced orange in 1690.
Colonel Jonathan Mitchelburne’s (664)
2. Officers striped calico waistcoats with silver and gold buttons, “crimson stockings, white stockings,” orange sashes, grenadiers in 1691. Grey coats faced blue in 1692.
Colonel Thomas St. John’s (589)


Regiments of Horse:

Gardes te Paard (145)
2. Blue coat with king’s cipher breast and back, king’s cipher and crown on “loose hanging sleeve.” “About eight blue loops” on front. Cuffs blue edged gold. Buff-coloured hats laced gold. Red holster caps. Trumpeters crimson coats trimmed with silk and silver lace, “with gold twist beteen,” their majesties’ cipher front and back. Leather belts trimmed gold and silver, black velvet cap. Crimson lined blue cloak trimmed gold and silver. Trumpet banners embroidered with royal arms and supporters., probably on blue damask. “Appears to have had” horse grenadiers.
Lord Portland’s (357)
Monopvillan’s (171)
Lieutenant-General Ginkel’s (152)
Scholk’s (167)
Van Oyen’s (164)
Reideffel’s (174)
Rancour’s (178)
Nyenburg’s (175)

Regiments of Dragoons :

Eppinger’s aka Gardes Dragonders (621)
2. “Blackish-grey” coats, grey fur “dragoon” caps with brown bags. Cornet “in similar dress” with felt hat. Trumpeter dressed “similarly” in 1689.

Regiments of Foot :

Gardes te Voet (1931)
2. Shoulder-belt for sword and cartridge bandolier in 1691. Dark blue coat with “orange yellow” cuffs, waistcoat, breeches and stockings. Officers orange sashes.
Van Graben’s (490)
Brandenburg (631)
Nassau-Saarbrücken-Ottweiler (652)
Colonel Philip Babington’s, later 6th Foot (416)

Colonel Lord Cutts’ (543)
1. red coats “lined and faced” Isabella, surtouts the same, black and white looping [for grenadiers I assume, apparently on both coat and surtout] in 1689, “dove colour” in 1689. Equipped with pikes.
2. Red coats lined Isabelle (“a warm yellowish grey”) baize, tin buttons, white woollen stockings, Isabelle breeches, officers crimson coats lined crimson faced Isabelle, white stockings in 1691.


Regiments of Horse:
1. “those I see [in Belfast, March 1690, regiments unspecified] of the Horse are white lined white and buff waistcoats”

Donop’s (263)
3. White coats
Juel’s (268)
Sehested’s (281)

Regiments of Foot:

Gardet til Fods (698)
Dronningen with elements of Oldenburg (634)
Prince Frederick’s (555)
Prince Christian’s (547)
Prince Georg’s (547)
Zealand (527)
Jutland (554)
Füenen (519)


Regiments of Horse:

Duke of Schomberg’s (395)

Regiments of Foot:

Colonel Cambon’s (640)
Colonel Caillemotte’s (562)
Brigadier Melonière’s (529)



IRISH FORCES (white cockade in hat, or white band on arm)

Regiments of Horse:

Life Guards
Duke of Tyrconnel’s
Viscount Galmoy’s
1. Light grey coats lined red, brass buttons, black hat laced with galloon, buff shoulder-belt, armed with carbine, pistols and sword, some horses grey, in 1688.

Colonel Sutherland’s
Colonel Parker’s
Colonel Sarsfield’s
Earl of Abercorn’s

Regiments of Dragoons:

Brigadier Maxwell’s
Sir Niall O’Neill’s
Lord Dongan’s
Lord Clare’s
Colonel Clifford’s
Colonel Carroll’s

Regiments of Foot:

Our Regiment of Guards in the Kingdom of Ireland
2. Red coats faced blue.
Earl of Antrim’s
Lord Bellew’s
Gordon O’Neill’s
Lord Louth’s
Lord Grand-Prior’s
John Grace’s
Art McMahon’s
Hugh McMahon’s
Colonel John Hamilton’s
Earl of Westmeath’s
Sir Michael Creagh’s
Roger MacElligott’s
Charles O’Brien’s
Maj. Gen. Boisseleau’s
Dudley Bagenal’s
Earl of Tyrone’s
Lord Slane’s
Henry Dillon’s
Earl of Clanrickarde’s
Lord Galway’s
Walter Bourke’s
Lord Gormanston’s
Richard Nugent’s


Regiments of Foot:

Famechon (1055)
Forez (1097)
La Marche (1097)
Merode (855)
Tournaisis (1097)
Zurlauben (2090)

Wednesday 23 June 2010

Miscellaneous points

1. I am not dead

2. John Kinross says of Col. Harbord's Troop, 'Harbord was the financial controller and his men were clerks'

3. Michael Sheane gives the French regiments present as: Zurlauben, Biron, Bouilly, Tirlon, Chémerault

Zurlauben checks out, obviously, Biron are Famechon far as I can tell, but the others are something of a mystery

Saturday 6 February 2010

Interesting grenadier cap

Very strange shape, very tall, and a cypher on the front?

Regiment is the Queen's, in their capacity as the Tangiers, far as I can make out

Couple other pictures while I'm at it, all from our friend the Vinkhuijzen Collection

Monday 4 January 2010

Histoire de l'Ancienne Infanterie Française, Vol.1

Couple of interesting plates (cropped and stuck together here), chiefly interesting for the flags; uniforms are of a fair bit later

Wednesday 30 December 2009

Identity of the Famechon and Mérode Regiments, and other things

Came across which appaears to be a good resource for the French, soI had a search for the two French regiments I can't find a lot on, and came up with:


Became the Régiment du Saint-Mauris in 1761(via other name-changes), which gives us a flag of brown/black/black/brown according to, and grey coats faced red with brass buttons and a black/black/black/black flag according to


A bit trickier. The PDF above says it became the régiment de Tournon in October 1690, and was disbanded in 1698. However, it still seems to have been around for the Camisard uprising according to, which has the first poster referring to 'Agenois (Tournon)'. Going to, we have this as the colour:

But this Rigo plate (taken from an eBay auction, of all places) disagrees:

as does the plate, which seems to replace Rigo's blue with red:

So I dunno. tends to disagree with other sources to varying extents, but I have no idea what is more correct. Regarding the top picture, I'm trying to have a few more pictures in my posts so here's a random image from the Vinkhuijzen Collection

Also, while looking this up I came across this:

which would indicate that the Dillon regiment originally wore blue and that their colour was red and blue, which confuses things further (if I am reading it correctly)

1690 in London

Came across a couple relevant-ish items in London:

1. 'The Market Place and the Grote Kerk at Haarlem' by Gerrit Berckheyde (dated 1679) in the National Gallery contains this rather martial-looking figure in the bottom-left who is presumably an officer. Very short sleeves notable

EDIT: A Mr. Rampjarr, from the 'Anno Domini 1672' blog at kindly informs me that the date of the painting is in fact 1674.

2. A very nice model of a regiment of foot in 1685 in the National Army Museum, with five companies (R-L): grenadiers, musketeers with flag of St. George's cross edged white on a blue field with small JR cypher in centre (I think, it was very small) as the flag, musketeers with flag the same, nothing in centre, musketeers with flag as the previous, long yellow pile in top-left corner, musketeers with flag as previous, piles as before in all corners, starting from corners closest to St. George's cross. All red lined blue, silver buttons

This doesn't tally to any known regiments, incidentally, but was nice to see